Divergent Thinking vs Convergent Thinking: Find the Right Balance

As human beings, we have this incredible ability to think in different ways. Sometimes, we need to think broadly and generate as many ideas as we can. Other times, we need to focus and evaluate our options to find the best solution. These two types of thinking are called divergent and convergent thinking.

What is Divergent Thinking?

Divergent thinking is like a breath of fresh air for our minds. It’s that invigorating moment when we let our thoughts roam free and explore endless possibilities. Think of it like a dynamic brainstorming session, where there are no boundaries or restrictions to hold us back. We give ourselves the freedom to let our imaginations run wild and generate ideas without limitations.

When we engage in divergent thinking, we tap into the power of creative thinking. It’s like unleashing the hidden artist within us, allowing unconventional ideas to emerge. We give ourselves permission to think outside the box, challenging the status quo and traditional ways of doing things. It’s about breaking free from conventional constraints and embracing the vast realm of possibilities that exist.

Do you know what’s amazing about divergent thinking? It encourages us to unleash our inner innovator. It pushes us to consider multiple perspectives, explore uncharted territories, and question the existing norms. This type of thinking opens doors to unique and out-of-the-box solutions, often leading to breakthrough moments of brilliance.

Just think about some of the most revolutionary inventions or groundbreaking discoveries out there—they all started with divergent thinking. It’s that spark of creativity, that willingness to embrace the unknown and venture into unexplored territories. These ideas come from a place where limits don’t exist, and the possibilities are infinite.

So, when we dive into the realm of divergent thinking, we give ourselves permission to think in unconventional ways. We challenge ourselves to come up with ideas that might seem crazy at first but have the potential to shape the world. This type of thinking opens up new pathways, expands our minds, and nurtures our ability to think creatively.

What is Convergent Thinking?

Ah, convergent thinking! It’s like strapping on our trusty analytical hat and diving into the world of logical reasoning. You see, while divergent thinking takes us on a wild ride of creative exploration, convergent thinking brings us back to solid ground and helps us evaluate the many possibilities we’ve uncovered.

Think of convergent thinking as the problem-solving superhero in our mental arsenal. It swoops in to save the day when things get a bit chaotic and overwhelming. After we’ve let our ideas flow freely through divergent thinking, we need to reign them in and carefully assess each one to find the absolute best solution to the problem at hand.

Alright, so here’s how it usually goes down. We gather up all those wonderful ideas that emerged during our diving session of divergent thinking. Carefully considering each one, like a discerning curator examining precious pieces of artwork. We analyze their feasibility, relevance, and potential impact. It’s all about using our logical powers to see which options hold the most promise.

You know what’s fascinating? Convergent thinking is tightly connected to the problem-solving process. It’s like the second act of our creative journey. We’ve opened up our minds through divergent thinking, and now we need to channel that energy into making practical decisions.

As we evaluate the different ideas, we look for patterns and connections. It’s like solving a puzzle where the pieces start to come together. We compare and contrast, weighing the pros and cons, until we’ve honed in on the cream of the crop—the solutions that have the greatest potential.

You see, convergent thinking is all about finding focus amidst the chaos. It helps us narrow down our options, eliminate distractions, and zero in on the most viable solutions. It allows us to bring structure to the creative chaos that divergent thinking introduced.

Balancing Divergent and Convergent Thinking

Finding the right balance between divergent and convergent thinking is crucial. If we only rely on divergent thinking, we might have many ideas, but we may struggle to evaluate and refine them. Conversely, if we solely use convergent thinking, we may miss out on creative solutions that could have been uncovered through divergent thinking.

To strike the right balance, we can incorporate both types of thinking into our creative process. Let’s explore some strategies to achieve this equilibrium:

1. Start with Divergent Thinking

Begin your problem-solving journey with a brainstorming session or mind mapping exercise. Encourage yourself and others to come up with as many ideas as possible. Remember, during this phase, there are no bad ideas. It’s all about generating ideas without limitations and allowing creativity to flow.

2. Evaluate and Select

Once you have a repertoire of ideas, it’s time to shift gears and employ convergent thinking. Evaluate each idea critically, considering its feasibility, relevance, and potential impact. Look for patterns and connections among different ideas. This process allows you to narrow down your options and identify the most promising solutions.

3. Iterate and Refine

Continue iterating between divergent and convergent thinking as needed. If you find yourself stuck or unsatisfied with the selected ideas, go back to divergent thinking and generate more potential solutions. The key is to strike a balance and ensure that you are exploring a diverse range of possibilities while also evaluating and refining them.

How to Be More of a Divergent Thinker

These valuable tips will help you become a more divergent thinker. Let’s dive in!

Embrace Curiosity and Open-mindedness

The first step to becoming a more divergent thinker is to cultivate a sense of curiosity and open-mindedness. Adopt a childlike wonder about the world around you and eagerly ask questions like “What if?” and “Why not?” Embrace the mindset that there are no right or wrong answers – just possibilities waiting to be explored. Stay curious, embrace new perspectives, and be open to ideas that may initially seem unconventional.

Break Free from Limitations

To tap into your divergent thinking abilities, it’s crucial to break free from limitations. Challenge the boundaries that restrict your thinking and step outside your comfort zone. Give yourself permission to think beyond societal norms and constraints. Allow yourself to dream big, push boundaries, and explore ideas that others may consider outlandish. Remember, the most groundbreaking ideas often arise from daring to think differently.

Surround Yourself with Diverse Perspectives

One of the best ways to enhance your divergent thinking skills is to surround yourself with diverse perspectives. Engage with people who have different backgrounds, cultures, and ways of thinking. Each encounter with a new perspective will broaden your horizons and spark new ideas within you. Seek out opportunities to collaborate and exchange ideas with a diverse group of individuals. Embrace the richness that diversity brings and let it fuel your divergent thinking.

Cultivate a Creative Environment

Create an environment that nurtures and supports your creativity. Find a space where you feel inspired and comfortable, whether it’s a cozy corner in your home or a bustling café. Surround yourself with objects or visuals that spark your imagination. Keep a journal handy to jot down your thoughts, ideas, and inspirations as they arise. Remember, a creative environment can greatly enhance your capacity for divergent thinking.

Practice Freewriting and Brainstorming

Freewriting and brainstorming exercises are wonderful ways to train your divergent thinking muscles. Set aside dedicated time to let your thoughts flow freely onto paper. Write without judgment or the need for structure. Allow your mind to wander and explore different possibilities. Similarly, engaging in brainstorming sessions with a group of like-minded individuals can generate a multitude of ideas. Encourage free expression and embrace all ideas, no matter how wild or seemingly unrealistic they may be. The goal is to generate a wide range of possibilities, priming the pump for divergent thinking.

Embrace Failure and Iteration

Don’t be afraid to fail, as failure often leads to valuable lessons and new insights. Embrace the iterative process of creative thinking. Test, experiment, and refine your ideas based on feedback and real-world experiences. Understand that divergent thinking is a journey, and not every idea will lead to immediate success. Stay resilient, learn from setbacks, and keep iterating until you find the innovative solutions you’re after.

Seek out Novel Experiences

To nourish your divergent thinking abilities, expose yourself to new experiences. Step outside your comfort zone, try new hobbies, explore different cultures, or immerse yourself in a variety of art forms. Novel experiences introduce fresh stimuli to your mind, triggering new connections and igniting your creative spark. Be open to inspiration from the world around you, and let it fuel your imagination.

Practice Mindfulness and Reflection

Last but not least, practicing mindfulness and reflection can greatly enhance your divergent thinking skills. Take time each day to be present and fully engage with your thoughts and surroundings. Embrace moments of solitude to reflect on your experiences, ideas, and thought processes. By quieting the noise and finding inner clarity, you allow your creative thoughts to arise more naturally.

How to Be More of a Convergent Thinker

In this section, we’ll go over some valuable tips that will help you become more of a convergent thinker. Let’s dive in!

Clarify Your Goal and Focus

The first step to becoming a more effective convergent thinker is to clarify your goal and focus. Define what you’re trying to achieve and identify the specific challenge or problem that needs solving. By narrowing your focus, you create a clear framework for your analytical thinking and decision-making process.

Gather and Analyze Information

To make well-informed decisions, it’s important to gather relevant information and analyze it thoroughly. Seek out multiple sources of information, such as books, articles, experts, or data points, to gain a comprehensive understanding of the topic at hand. Evaluate the credibility and validity of the information to ensure accuracy. By gathering and analyzing a variety of perspectives and data, you’ll be better equipped to uncover valuable insights.

Use Critical Thinking Skills

Critical thinking is at the heart of convergent thinking. To enhance your convergent thinking skills, cultivate your critical thinking abilities. Ask probing questions, challenge assumptions, and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different ideas or approaches. Practice logical reasoning, weighing the pros and cons of each option. By sharpening your critical thinking skills, you’ll be able to navigate through the complexity and arrive at well-reasoned decisions.

Prioritize and Make Trade-offs

Convergent thinking involves prioritizing and making trade-offs. When faced with multiple options or ideas, weigh their merits and prioritize those that align most closely with your goal. Consider the potential impact, feasibility, and resources required for each option. Recognize that not all options can be pursued simultaneously, and that making trade-offs is necessary. By prioritizing and making thoughtful choices, you can channel your efforts towards the most promising solutions.

Seek Feedback and Embrace Collaboration

Bringing others into the decision-making process can significantly enhance your convergent thinking. Seek feedback from trusted colleagues, mentors, or subject matter experts. Engage in thoughtful discussions and embrace collaboration. By involving others, you can gain fresh perspectives, identify blind spots, and uncover new insights. Remember, two heads are often better than one when it comes to convergent thinking.

Embrace Analytical Tools and Frameworks

Various analytical tools and frameworks can support your convergent thinking process. Familiarize yourself with brainstorming methods, decision matrices, SWOT analyses, or cause-and-effect diagrams, among others. These tools can help you organize your thoughts, evaluate options systematically, and make informed choices. Experiment with different tools and find those that resonate with your thinking style.

Practice Decision-Making

Convergent thinking is ultimately about making decisions. Embrace the practice of decision-making in your daily life. Start with small choices, analyzing the available options, weighing the factors, and making a deliberate decision. With practice, you’ll develop confidence in your decision-making abilities and become more efficient in the convergent thinking process.

Continuously Learn and Adapt

The world is constantly evolving, and so must our thinking. Stay curious and committed to continuous learning. Seek out new information, explore emerging trends, and challenge your existing knowledge. Convergent thinking is not a fixed skill but a mindset that can be honed and developed over time. Stay adaptable, adjust your thinking as new information arises, and refine your analytical approach.

Embracing Guilford’s Legacy

The concepts of divergent and convergent thinking were popularized by J.P. Guilford, an influential psychologist known for his research on creativity. Guilford believed that creativity involves the ability to think in different ways and switch between divergent and convergent thinking. By finding a balance between these two types of thinking, we can tap into our creative potential and find innovative solutions.


Divergent thinking and convergent thinking are both valuable and necessary for problem-solving and the creative process. By incorporating both types of thinking and finding the right balance, we can generate a multitude of ideas, evaluate them effectively, and ultimately arrive at the best possible solutions. Let’s embrace the power of divergent and convergent thinking and unleash our creative minds!